- IB Economics
- * IB Eco Mark Schemes
- 1 Introduction to Economics
- 2 Microeconomics
- 3 Macroeconomics
- 4 International Economics
- 5 Development Economics
- IGCSE Economics
- IB Economics
What are the 8 Millennium Development Goals? This 30 second video introduces them:
This video includes a bit of a speech by Kofi Annan who was Secretary-General for the United Nations when the Millennium Development Goals which were agreed in 2000 at an important meeting (The Millennium Summit) where a number of world leaders discussed ways to reduce poverty in the world. The images and facts help explain his message:
Another good video to introduce the MDGs:
These slideshows also help explain the 8 Millennium Development Goals:
Now view the fact sheet on the MDGs:
Here are two quizzes to test your understanding of the MDGs:
Source: United Nations Foundation
Click below to play a memory game on the Millennium Development Goals:
Source: World Vision
Watch this video about Millennium Development Goal 3:
These two videos are part of a series by planinternationaltv called ‘Because I am A Girl’ and they tell us about some important facts (statistics) about girls around the world:
A similar video by PlanUSAvideos makes us think by comparing the birthdays of girls in very poor countries to some typical birthdays of girls in USA:
What is the point being made by this video?
A message of hope: The Girl Effect (by girleffect)
Another message of hope in this excellent video by ministerieBZ:
What is an infographic?
It is a visual way of showing information (data) data so that it is easy to understand. They help to explain complicated information clearly and quickly.
An infographic can be a video or a picture (like a poster).
Here is a video infographic explaining the 8 Millennium Development Goals and why we need them. Watch it and notice how simple but good-looking graphics are used to show the information. .
You probably agree that the information can be easier to understand this way than if you were reading it in a piece of text or if you were looking at tables of numbers.
If you want to understand more about the Millennium Development Goals and see more video clips like this, visit this page.
Here are some still-picture infographics which are more like posters. They are not all to do with the third Millennium Development Goal, but they are good examples. Click on them to see bigger versions.
Notice how pictures, colour, numbers, text, graphs and diagrams are blended in a simple to read and interesting way.
Sources: History of Women in Workplace
Your task is to create an infographic which tells people about gender inequality around the world. It probably won’t be as detailed as the ones above (some of these professional infographics take several months to create) but making it should hopefully be an interesting way of understanding some of the facts about gender inequality.
It is recommended that you create graphs using MS EXCEL, using the files listed under ‘Raw Data’ below. Try to make them visually appealing through clever formatting. There is also some interactive software listed below which you could use to make maps (you may need to take screen shots [Print Screen] of the maps once you have created them).
You can find images to help your infographic online. You should always give the sources of images and data at the bottom of your infographic.
It is up to you what software you use to put the images, graphs and text together but I recommend MS Publisher or using just one slide in MS Powerpoint (this is probably the simplest way).
What is gender inequality?
There are many was that men and women are not equal in today’s world and here are some things to look out for when designing your infographic:
- What % of girls go to school? How does that compare to the % of boys who go to school?
- What % of women have a job? What sorts of jobs do they mainly do? What % do not work in faming? How does this data compare to men?
- What % of politicians with a ‘seat’ in parliament are women?
- How long are females expected to live on average? (What is their life expectancy?) How does this compare to males?
- How many girls die before their first birthday? (What is female infant mortality?) How does this compare to boys?
- Where do different countries rank on the global gender gap index (explained here).
Processing The Data
Now you need some data on gender inequality to ‘process’ into your infographic.
Raw Data – Data that needs to be converted into graphs by you in EXCEL (or similar)
Visit these sites to access the data in EXCEL files and use it to create graphs, charts and images which you can then put into your infographic. It is up to you what software you use to build the infographic itself. You don’t need to use all of these files.
Interactive Data – Useful data that you can process online :
Use the People Category, and looks for the data relevant to women in particular.
It is recommended to keep the tick box on for World. Use the different icons for line graph, bar chart, map and maybe scatter graph.
You could then click on individual countries as well to see how they compare to the world average.
This is an excellent resource for viewing (and creating) maps, and includes world data for gender empowerment and ‘occupation and income’ – see if you can find out how to make thoe most of this excellent resource.
Finally, if you are feeling very adventurous you could try this online mapping activity, but it is quite complicated. Follow the instructions carefully.
Some more tips on designing a good infographic
Some great tips for designing infographics:
- Keep it simple! Don’t try to do too much in one picture.
- Decide on a colour scheme.
- Research some great facts and statistics.
- Think of it as a visual essay: ensure your arguments hold and are relevant.
- Remember that it’s all about quickly conveying the meaning behind complex data.
- Draw conclusions.
- Reference your facts in the infographic.
Ideas for infographic formats include:
- Flow charts;
- Annotated maps;
- Venn diagrams;
- Size comparisons;
- Showing familiar objects or similar size or value.